Chandler, the dean of business history, scale and scope constitute "the dynamics of industrial capitalism. Everything depends on them.
But the dynamics of industrial capitalism destroyed the viability of the free-labor dream. In the book I instance an Akron, Ohio, butcher. Then one day Armour, a pioneer in scale-and-scope production at its Chicago meatpacking plant, drives a refrigerated car into Akron, and holds a sale in the railroad yards, underselling the Akron butcher by a factor of magnitude. Scale and scope have put him out of business.
He can still rise—but within the working class and only through collective bargaining. Cheated expectations fed the violent strikes of the era, including the largest strike anywhere in the world in the 19th century, the Great Railroad Strike of , which I chronicle in the book. Scale and scope transformed not only manufacturing but farming. Mechanization brought continuous production to agriculture, and the railroad connected the farmer to the city and to the world market. Returns went to scale—to bigger and bigger farms. He could not rise.
Teaching Story Elements
He stayed a farm laborer—or quit the farm for the city. Still, the free-labor ideal survives in farming as propaganda. Preserving the tiny number of "family farms" is a justification put forward by the farm lobby. The Homestead Act was put forth by the Republicans as a supposed cure for the class structure congealed by industrialism. The idea was that the eastern factory laborer would leave the factory behind for free land in the west. And that was three years pay for the skilled factory worker of ! Small farms weren't economically viable.
That was a bitter social turn. There was no escape from industrial capitalism. Some environmentally conscious people are trying to uncouple us from the industrial umbilical. The environmentalist Bill McKibben is pushing a movement to cut the carbon tail of trucked-in food. One problem with buying local, though, is choice—winter salads suffer.
Another is price. He depends on scale and scope production in agribusiness to keep food prices low. One of the things I think is unusual about your writing is that it blends history—which can be a dry pursuit—with real rhetorical spark and style. Could you talk about your writing process?
III. Types of Plot
How important is wordsmithing to you as you write? How would you describe your style?
History tends to be written—because of academic pressures—in a polished, professional monotone. I like a little more drama. At certain moments, intensification, foreshadowing, or dramatic juxtaposition. Little touches matter in a long book. Our late Atlantic colleague, Peter Davison, once told me that for a writer to use the verb "to be" is laziness.
Ever since, I have tried to find better—livelier—verbs. I do not believe I use "very" or "astonishing" in the book—a record.
INSPIRATION AND THE ELLEN G. WHITE WRITINGS
For drama, you also need representative characters. My characters include Tom Scott , president of the Pennsylvania Railroad, the largest corporation in the world in the s, and a "political capitalist"—a purchaser of politicians retail and wholesale. Even in an era when, as Henry D.
Lloyd wrote in The Atlantic , "Standard Oil did everything to the Pennsylvania legislature, except refine it," Scott stood out. Rockefeller out of business helped to precipitate the railroad strike of , with its bloody climax in the streets and alleys of Pittsburgh swept by Gatling guns.
Dramatic structure - Wikipedia
Was it darker than you thought it would be when you set out to write it? Betrayal is among the most embittering experiences in life. I sought to infuse some of the emotion of such personal experiences into my account of the age. Some reviewers have said, "My God, this is so gloomy! The "Gilded Age" —that rubric obscures the moral facts: betrayal of emancipation, betrayal of democracy, betrayal of free labor. The book ends with our imperialist grab-up of the Philippines, a betrayal of our revolutionary birthright.
maisonducalvet.com/altea-dating-websites.php White Americans did that and tolerated that. And if a great leader—a Lincolnesque leader—a century after Gettysburg had not sounded the call for "a new birth of freedom. It is not unlikely that these works suggested such things as a narrative link, a logical assumption, or an appropriate conclusion. But, of the three sources, the oft-repeated visions of the controversy provided the basic materials.
In , 30 years after her second great-controversy vision, she wrote, "From time to time I have been permitted to behold the working, in different ages, of the great controversy. In she declared, "While writing the manuscript of Great Controversy I was often conscious of the presence of the angels of God. And many times the scenes about which I was writing were presented to me anew in visions of the night, so that they were fresh and vivid in my mind.
In , while working on the manuscript for Patriarchs and Prophets , she touched on certain other matters: "I had been, during the forty-five years of experience, shown the lives, the character and history of the patriarchs, and prophets. I could but have a vivid picture in my mind from day to day of the way reformers were treated , how slight difference of opinion seemed to create a frenzy of feeling.
Thus it was in the betrayal, trial, and crucifixion of Jesus'all this had passed before me point by point. Her terminology here is of interest.
She says she saw the way reformers were treated, and in scenic visions sacred history passed before her "point by point. White, Messenger to the Remnant , p. Three years later, while still at work on The Desire of Ages , she referred to the clarity in which the scenes stood before her: "My mind has been deeply stirred over many things. It seems to me that light from heaven flashes upon me , and the Holy Spirit brings many things to my remembrance.
Important views are clear to my mind's eye, as though I was looking upon the scene as I wrote. Italics in original. As to events yet future, she at one time described how the second coming of Christ was opened up to her: "Scenes of such thrilling, solemn interest passed before me as no language is adequate to describe. It was all a living reality to me. In , writing in a more general way of how, at times, light was imparted in vision and also how matters forgotten were called to her mind, she declared: "The question is asked, How does Sister White know in regard to the matters of which she speaks so decidedly, as if she had authority to say these things?
I speak thus because they flash upon my mind when in perplexity like lightning out of a dark cloud in the fury of a storm. Some scenes presented before me years ago have not been retained in my memory, but when the instruction then given is needed, sometimes even when I am standing before the people, the remembrance comes sharp and. At such times I cannot refrain from saying the things that flash into my mind, not because I have had a new vision, but because that which was presented to me perhaps years in the past, has been recalled to my mind forcibly.
In an interview in she told of how the light often came to her: "Now I have light, mostly in the night season, just as if the whole thing was transacting, and I viewing it, and. I am listening to the conversation. And it was not alone in the visions of the night that scenic views passed before her.